An alphabet is a standard set of letters that is used to write languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes. So in order to speak and write any language, it is important to learn the alphabet. Also, it is important to know the proper pronunciation of letters. This post is dedicated to help you with that.
Spanish has 5 vowels: a,e,i,o,u
Pronunciation of vowels is different than in English so we will say:
- A – avión – apple
- E – elefante – example
- I – isla – inside
- O – oveja – origin
- U – uvas – ultimate
Vowels can also have accent added to them, so a can also be á. Read our full guide abut accents here.
Pronunciation of consonants
Some consonants can have different pronunciation depending of vowel that comes after letter.
In table above C is pronounced like /K/ in front of a,o,u and /S/ in front of e,i.
As you can see in table above G is pronounced like /G/ in front of a,o,u and /J/ in front of e,i. You can notice that changes happen in front of same vowels, so both C and G changing itself in front of e,i.
But G has two specific pronunciations too:
In that case “u” is silent and is not pronounced and G is pronounced like in front of a,o,u.
“C” before “H”
C before H sounds like ch in English word cheese or champion.
Note that che is not considered a letter anymore by the RAE, before it was part of alphabet.
Jota – “J”
Note that “j” is pronounced differently in Spanish than in English. It is pronounced like “H” in English word home. Always keep that in mind.
Never forget that “h” is silent in Spanish, it is never pronounced!
- hombre, hermano
When two LL come together they can be pronounced like the Y in English yellow, or like J in English June.
When two erres appear together, they are trilled (the sound you make when you roll your tongue). A single erre at the beginning of a word is also trilled.
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